The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is situated at the entrance of the stomach. This muscle generally closes as soon food penetrates in it. If LES remains open for a long time then an acid is generated in the stomach that reaches the esophagus and causes a burning sensation called heartburn. If a patient is suffering the ailment and has regular symptoms more than twice a week it is commonly also known as a gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Causes of Acid Reflux Disease
If the stomach has an abnormality called the hiatel hernia this leads to the cause of the ailment. This generally happens when the greater part of the stomach and LES shift above the diaphragm. The diaphragm facilitates the acid out of the stomach but if you have a hiatel hernia
then the acid would reach the esophagus and cause the ailment.
These are other widespread peril features for acid for the ailment:
- Consuming generous portions of meals
- Consuming a magnanimous meal and resting on your back of the body
- Nasty habit of eating before sleeping
- Consumption of food products like citrus, tomato, chocolate, mint, garlic, onions, or spicy or fatty foods
- Imbibing few drinks like coffee, tea, aerated drinks and alcohol
- Smoking cigarettes
- pregnant women
- Consumption of drugs like aspirin, and other blood pressure medicine doses
Symptoms Of Acid Reflux Disease
Heartburn – It causes a burning and acidic sensation that may even travel from the stomach to the chest or even in the throat and cause the discomfort to the patient.
Regurgitation – It is a sour or a bitter-tasting acid that comes up in the throat or the mouth.
Additional indications of acid reflux sickness include:
- Gaining weight
- Blood in the stools and vomit
- Regular burping
- Construction of the esophagus that results in the food being trapped in the throat
- Incessant hiccups
- Weight loss for unknown reasons
- An acute sore throat
Diagnosis Of Acid Reflux Disease
If you are suffering from more than two times a week with the symptoms of the Acid Reflux disease you must consult a doctor immediately. Medicines would relief against the burning sensation and there would be a transformation of the lifestyle. Antacids consumption will lower the symptoms of the disease.
If the patient is suffering from acute symptoms and a lot of discomforts is being suffered then the following tests needs to be done.
Barium swallow (esophagram) test would give an exact idea about the presence of ulcers and the constriction of the esophagus
Esophageal manometry test can determine the functions of the esophagus and LES in the body. pH monitoring examination would examine the accumulation of the acid in the esophagus. Endoscopy medical test would scrutinize all the problems of the esophagus and the stomach.
A biopsy report will clearly analyze the tissues for any kind of infection and this is done during the endoscopy test.